BMW 328Ci Coupe (E46) 1999 Design Interior Exterior Car

The E46 was blown up as an evolutionary vicar for the BMW E36 chassis. In 1995, the commander exterior study of the E46 by Erik Goplen was authoritative and as a confirm DesignworksUSA was contracted by BMW to trade alongside BMW Group’s in-house diamond in the rough team to construct the exterior bulk work for the 3-Series sierra in February 1996. Based on the E36 advantage shell, the study team express an tall talk on mending aerodynamics and increasing the car’s every person for themselves stance. Design patents were filed in Germany on July 16, 1997 and in the US on January 16, 1998. While the styling of the E46 was seen as an adaptation of the extremely profitable previous sensuality 3-series, it was not freely embraced by in turn the buying nation, or the automotive press. Word leaked mistaken in the persuade that the BMW stylists were sad in raising the roof-line, and the commanding officer “rounding” of the bulk panels in stylistic device to the greater squarish E36 series. Chris Bangle was responsible over January 1996 for the work of genius bistro exterior, as unassailable in the 1997 diamond in the rough patent. Production society of the booth took 24 months from January 1996 to January 1998. Goplen designed the concept coupé and estate everywhere 1996–1997.

Since the propel of production, the all over but the shouting in-car entertainment position (Radio Function, Navigation System, Television and Telecommunications systems) is based on a absolutely flexible automotive personal digital assistant system. As a confirm the E46 models can bodily be no ifs ands or buts about it upgraded mutually the newest BMW technologies including BMW’s Bluetooth System, the DVD based Navigation position, as amply as BMW’s CD changers that blew the lid off MP3s

body type 4/5 seater sedan/saloon
number of doors 4
Dimensions & Weights
mm inches
wheelbase 2725 107.3
track/tread (front) 1473 58
track/tread (rear) 1481 58.3
length 4470 176
width 1740 68.5
height 1415 55.7
length:wheelbase ratio 1.64
kerb weight 1450 kg 3197 lb
weight distribution 50.8 % front
fuel tank capacity 63 litres 13.9 UK Gal 16.6 US Gal
drag coefficient 0.31
engine type naturally aspirated petrol
engine manufacturer BMW
cylinders Straight 6
capacity 2.8 litre
2793 cc
(170.439 cu in)
bore × stroke 84 × 84 mm
3.31 × 3.31 in
bore/stroke ratio 1
double overhead camshaft (DOHC)
4 valves per cylinder
24 valves in total
maximum power output
196 PS (193 bhp) (144 kW)
at 5500 rpm
specific output
69.1 bhp/litre
1.13 bhp/cu in
maximum torque
279 Nm (206 ft·lb) (28.5 kgm)
at 3500 rpm
specific torque
99.89 Nm/litre
1.21 ft·lb/cu3
sump wet sumped
compression ratio 10.2:1
fuel system Siemens MS 42 fuel inj.
bmep (brake mean effective pressure) 1255.3 kPa (182.1 psi)
engine coolant Water
unitary capacity 465.5 cc
aspiration Normal
compressor N/A
intercooler None
catalytic converter Y
acceleration 0-100km/h 6.6 s
maximum speed 206 km/h (128 mph)
power-to-weight ratio 134.95 PS/g
99.26 kW/g
133.1 bhp/ton
0.06 bhp/lb
weight-to-power ratio 10.08 kg/kW
16.83 lb/bhp
Fuel Consumption
fuel consumption 21/29 EPA US MPG city/highway
universal consumption (calculated from the above)
litres per 100km 11.2/8.1 l/100km city/highway
km per litre 8.9/12.3 km/l city/highway
uk mpg 25.2/34.8 UK MPG city/highway
us mpg 21.0/29.0 US MPG city/highway
engine position front
engine layout longitudinal
drive wheels rear wheel drive
torque split N/A
steering rack & pinion VPAS
turns lock-to-lock 3.400
turning circle 10.50 m
wheel size front 7.0 x 16
wheel size rear 7.0 x 16
tyres front 205/55 R 16 91H
tyres rear 205/55 R 16 91H
brakes f/r VeDi/VeDi-S-ABS
front brake diameter 300 mm
rear brake diameter 295 mm
gearbox 5 speed manual
top gear ratio 1
final drive ratio 2.93

BMW 328Ci Coupe (E46) 1999 Design

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