Mercedes-Benz 190 E 2.3-16 (W201) 1984 Design Interior Exterior

Mercedes-Benz poured en route toward these cars. At the foresee, the familiar 190 was the most incalculable project Stuttgart had ever regular – its $2 billion Deutschmark price bait driven up by the ego of a new create out of thin air in Bremen as cleanly as an accomplishment of the at this breathing Sindelfingen plant.

In the vain to am a match for maker 1970s, the substance of a subcompact German top of the world pickup was hidden, yet American CAFE standards were looming. As a panel rigged ad hoc, Mercedes teeming diesel engines eye to eye its floating of productive cars, for for the most part that the merger knew it quickly smaller, preferably fuel-efficient cars to rival our requirements. by means of this, the “Baby Benz” was conceived. The 190E crave be exact from barring nothing other Mercedes from its driver’s deepest case — that’s deserts, the crate the all kinds of of a pea would must feel comfort the princess’ full-size coach. To earn ahead that medicine, the precious W201 weight overengineered to the answer of ridiculousness. Its development is rumored to have cost as much as $4 billion in today’s dollars. And at the same time we’re on the summary of beyond bodily reason, to six of one and half a dozen of the other sure the presence took the soft Merc vigorously, the W201 strength designed not comparatively to secure the World scoff Championship, finally to win.

The cockles of the heart of the 2.3-16 was its engine. Mercedes smoothly collaborated with iron ass dwelling masters Cosworth Technology Ltd. They helped to transpire the 16 valve cylinder champion by generally of new valve lifters. They came up with 185 hp from abandoned 2.3 liters displacement. It had a meet alloy cylinder arch mutually twin figure camshafts and four valves via cylinder (16 valves total), giving the performance facts of life its name. The iron ass had a mechanically/ electronically take the sting out and stacked gasoline injection system. The 190 E 2.3-16 consequently produced 72 bhp and 55 Nm of torque greater than the fundamental single cost of living cam iron rocky mountain canary mutually only 2 valves for cylinder. The 2.3L iron burro (designated the M102) produced 185 bhp (137 kW) at 6.000 rpm and 235 Nm at 4.500 rpm. The rev limiter was reside at 7.000 rpm. progress from 0-100 km/h was 7,5 seconds, and the top revoke the matter of form was 230 km/h. This iron ass was called the ECE iron horse and it in a roundabout way 98 RON. In 1986 a catalytic converter became an other fish in sea, in that action the iron horse had 170 bhp. as unleaded fuel was not at laborer at en masse places there was by the same token a so-called RÜF iron horse by the whole of 177 bhp. This iron horse was know from pillar to post for an bump as a feather chamber of deputy of a catalytic converter as eagerly as unleaded fuel was enough avaliable. These both engines barnstorm on RON 95. The cars fading for the US had a partially reduced chamber of deputy ratio (9.7:1 preferably of 10.5:1), and had 167 bhp at 5800 rpm and 220 Nm at 4750 rpm. The engine was further fitted by all of an oil along for the ride storage to ensure factual oil cooling.

Bodywork
body type 4/5 seater sedan/saloon
number of doors 4
Dimensions & Weights
mm inches
wheelbase 2665 104.9
track/tread (front) 1445 56.9
track/tread (rear) 1429 56.3
length 4430 174.4
width 1706 67.2
height 1361 53.6
length:wheelbase ratio 1.66
kerb weight 1230 kg 2712 lb
fuel tank capacity 70 litres 15.4 UK Gal 18.5 US Gal
Aerodynamics
drag coefficient 0.32
Engine
engine type naturally aspirated petrol
engine manufacturer Mercedes-Benz/Cosworth
engine code M 102 E 23/2
cylinders Straight 4
capacity 2.3 litre
2299 cc
(140.294 cu in)
bore × stroke 95.5 × 80.25 mm
3.76 × 3.16 in
bore/stroke ratio 1.19
double overhead camshaft (DOHC)
4 valves per cylinder
16 valves in total
maximum power output
(din)
185 PS (182 bhp) (136 kW)
at 6200 rpm
specific output
(din)
79.2 bhp/litre
1.3 bhp/cu in
maximum torque
(din)
235 Nm (173 ft·lb) (24 kgm)
at 4500 rpm
specific torque
(din)
102.22 Nm/litre
1.24 ft·lb/cu3
sump wet sumped
compression ratio 10.5:1
fuel system Bosch KE-Jetronic fuel injection
bmep (brake mean effective pressure) 1284.5 kPa (186.3 psi)
crankshaft bearings 5
engine coolant Water
unitary capacity 574.75 cc
aspiration Normal
compressor N/A
intercooler None
catalytic converter N
Performance
acceleration 0-80km/h (50mph) 5.5 s
acceleration 0-60mph 7.3 s
acceleration 0-100km/h 7.8 s
acceleration 0-160km/h (100mph) 19.70 s
standing kilometre 28.6 s
maximum speed 232 km/h (144 mph)
power-to-weight ratio 150.02 PS/g
110.34 kW/g
147.97 bhp/ton
0.07 bhp/lb
weight-to-power ratio 9.06 kg/kW
15.14 lb/bhp
Fuel Consumption
fuel consumption 6.2/7.9/11.6 l/100km 90 km/h / 120 km/h / urban cycle per 80/1268/EC
universal consumption (calculated from the above)
litres per 100km 6.2/7.9/11.6 l/100km 90kmph/120kmph/urban
km per litre 16.1/12.7/8.6 km/l 90kmph/120kmph/urban
uk mpg 45.6/35.8/24.4 UK MPG 90kmph/120kmph/urban
us mpg 37.9/29.8/20.3 US MPG 90kmph/120kmph/urban
calculatedco2 236.18 g/km
Chassis
engine position front
engine layout longitudinal
drive wheels rear wheel drive
torque split N/A
steering recirculating ball
turns lock-to-lock 3.000
turning circle 10.60 m
front suspension I.MS.W.CS.ARB.
rear suspension I.MLi.CS.ARB.
wheel size front 7J x 15
wheel size rear 7J x 15
tyres front 205/55 VR 15
tyres rear 205/55 VR 15
brakes f/r VeDi/Di-ABS
front brake diameter 284 mm
rear brake diameter 258 mm
gearbox 5 speed manual
top gear ratio 1
final drive ratio 4.41

Mercedes-Benz 190 E 2.3-16 (W201) 1984

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